Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia
Ottawa
Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia
Ambassade de la RÉpublique d'Indonésie

Bilateral Relations

Indonesia-Canada diplomatic relations formally began when the two countries signed an agreement to open diplomatic missions in their respective capitals on October 9, 1952. However, relations between the two countries started in 1948, during Indonesiaa’s struggle to gain international recognition for its independence from its former colonial power in 1945.

Canada, through General Andrew McNaughton as the President of the United Nation’s Security Council, helped to break the deadlock in the negotiation on resolving the conflict between Indonesia and the Netherlands that resulted in the adoption of Resolution 67/1949, which endorsed the establishment of a Tripartite Commission to hold negotiations with Indonesia and the Netherlands. The Tripartite negotiations lead to the international recognition of Indonesiaa’s sovereignty in December 1949

At the initial stage of Indonesiaa’s independence, Canada also supported the development in Indonesiaa’s development effort through the Colombo Plan during the 1950s.

Indonesia-Canada Cooperation in Political Affairs

The Indonesia-Canada Bilateral Consultation Forum started in 30 July 1997 when Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Ali Alatas and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Canada, Loyd Axworthy signed the Joint Declaration on the Establishment of a Bilateral Consultation Forum. The Forum served as a platform for Indonesia and Canada to discuss and cooperate on diverse issues ranging from politic, economic and socio-cultural affairs where both countries share the same concerns. The first meeting of the Forum took place in Mei 2011 in Ottawa while the second was held in Yogyakarta in June 2012.

As a highlight of the 60th Anniversary of Indonesia-Canada Diplomatic Relations in 2012, both countries signed the Joint Declaration on Enhancing Bilateral Consultations which elevates the BCF to a more strategic level where the forum shall be convened at the Ministerial level on an annual basis or as appropriate. The bilateral relations then moved to a more comprehensive partnership through the launch of the Indonesia-Canada Plan of Action 2014-2019 during the 4th BCF in August 2015 in Jakarta. The Plan of Action is a road map for enhancing bilateral relations between the two countries in various areas ranging from politics, defense and security, economics, development, socio-cultural, science, technology and education to other strategic areas for Indonesia and Canada.

President Joko Widodo and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met on the margins of the G20 Summit in Antalya, Turkey in November 2015 where both leaders discussed the importance of deepening both countries relations and shared the same values on democracy, human rights, religious freedom and pluralism. Later in September 2017, Vice President Jusuf Kalla met with Prime Minister Trudeau at the United Nations in New York where both leaders discussed the situation in Myanmar and what collaboration may be possible to help end humanitarian crisis in the country.

Furthermore, political cooperation between the two countries is also performed by the legislatives. Indonesia-Canada established the Canada-Indonesia Parliamentary Friendship Group (CIPFG) on 27 April 2009 which was then revived in October 2012 through the signing of the Joint Declaration between Indonesia-Canada Parliamentary Group and Canada-Indonesia Parliamentary Friendship Group. From then on, members of parliaments of Indonesia and Canada frequently exchanged visits annually and cooperate on international parliamentary forums. Recently both parliaments worked together and actively participated on the 4th Inter-Parliamentary Union Global Conference of Young Parliamentarians held in Canada in November 2017.


Indonesia and Canada also worked together on regional and international forums where both countries shared common interests such as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), G20 and the United Nations. Indonesia and Canada also lend mutual support in other international forum where both are member countries. Moreover, Indonesia also contributes actively in promoting the strategic role of ASEAN and further enhanced existing partnership between ASEAN and Canada through ASEAN Committee in Ottawa (ACO).

Economic Relations

Economic cooperation between Indonesia and Canada include various partnerships including investment, development, trade, forestry and agriculture.

Investment

According to Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board (Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal/BKPM), Canadian Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the securities sector reached CA$ 16,8 billion (2017), an increase of 21,1% from 2016. Canadian Investment in Indonesia in securities, equity and investment fund, and debt securities in the last 5 years reached CA$ 2,4 billion (2012); CA$ 1,7 billion (2013); CA$ 2,7 billion (2014); CA$ 3,20 billion (2015); and CA$ 3,2 billion (2016).

Canadian investment realization in Indonesia in the last 6 years have also reached US$ 650 million, which are: US$ 8,5 million (2012), US$ 124,8 million (2013), US$ 164,2 million (2014), US$ 103,5 million (2015), and US$ 99,8 million (2016). In 2017, Canadian investment realization in Indonesia reached US$ 85,6 million in 95 projects.


CANADA INVESTMENT REALIZATION IN INDONESIA 2017

NO Sector 2017
Projects Value

(US$. Thousand)

1 Mining 66 70,076.1
2 Other services 26 7,129.5
3 Hotel and Restaurant 15 5,336
4 Trade and repair 19 1,810.7
5 Metal industry, machinery and electronic 7 871.5
6 Other industries 5 292.1
7 Housing, industry zones, and office 3 100
8 Construction 2 36.3
9 Food industry 3 0
10 Transportation and other transportation equipments 1 0
11 Wood industry 2 0
12 Paper industry, paper products and printing 1 0
13 Chemical and pharmaceutical industry 4 0
14 Transportation, warehouse, and telecommunication 1 0
TOTAL 95 85,652

(Source: BKPM, 2018)

Canadian Outward Foreign Direct Investment to Asia

(C$ millions)

1980 1990 2000 2014 2015 2016
Australia 694 2,401 3,104 22,030 25,382 26,537
China - 6 565 8,035 13,589 13,257
Hong Kong, SAR 39 670 3,739 5,005 7,009 7,307
India 61 94 129 684 1,291 1,210
Indonesia 590 934 2,412 3,904 2,521 2,590
Japan 109 917 5,613 5,835 4,377 4,300
Malaysia 19 81 505 517 945 816
New Zealand 69 180 607 532 524 560
Papua New Guinea - - 270 375 408 238
Philippines - 36 394 1,123 1,081 1,150
Singapore 8 1,837 3,174 3,223 3,941 3,856
South Korea - 24 760 499 1,402 1,726
Sri Lanka - - - - 23 21
Taiwan 16 161 331 194 143 160
Thailand - 29 984 98 121 18
Vietnam - - - -111 -76 -69
Total 1,605 7,370 22,587 51,943 62,681 63,677

Source: Adapted from the Statistics CanadaA�CANSIMA�databaseA�http://cansim2.statcan.gc.ca ,A�CANSIMA�Table 376-0051; the Statistics Canada Website on the National Economic Accounts module,A�http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=3760051&paSer=&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=-1&tabMode=dataTable&csid= , May 23, 2017; 1980 figures are adapted from Statistics Canada, Canadaa��s International Investment Position, 2001, Catalogue No. 67-202-XIBA�2001000 2001 March 27,A�2002.


In 2016, Indonesia ranks 1st as destination country for Canadian outward investment in South East Asia. Indonesia also ranks 4th recipient of Canadian investment in Asia.Several prominent Canadian companies that have operations in Indonesia, among others are, Manulife Financial, Sunlife Financial, Huskey, J.S Redpath, Talisman Energy, Sherritt.

Development Cooperation


Indonesia and Canada are closely engaged in development cooperation since the 1970s. Development programs are conducted in the fields of forestry, governance, environment, SMEs and women empowerment.

Development cooperation is an important pillar of the bilateral relationship. Canadaa’s development priority focuses in Indonesia are:

  1. Supporting sustainable economic growth (SEG)
  2. Working with national and local partners to strengthen regional economic planning and program
  3. Encouraging increased managerial capability in the field of renewable resources to support regional economic development.


Canadaa’s total development funds to Indonesia reached US$ 99,8 million (2010-2017). There are currently 19 Canadian development projects in Indonesia including those that are part of multinational projects. Global Affairs Canadaa’s projects in Indonesia are mostly located in Sulawesi and Kalimantan.

Trade

Total trade between Canada and Indonesia, period of January a�� December 2017 reached US$ 2.37 billion or an increase of 12.3 % compared to the same period of 2016 (reached US$ 2.11 billion).Total Indonesiaa’s export to Canada period of January a�� December 2017 reached US$ 822.06 million, an increase of 12.24% compared to the same period of 2016 reached US$ 732.44 million. Total Indonesiaa’s import from Canada period January a�� December 2017 reached US$ 1.55 billion, increase of 12.34% compared to the same period of 2016 reached US$ 1.38 billion.

TRADE BALANCE

INDONESIA and CANADA

Period: 2012 – 2017

(Value: Thousand US$)

Description 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Trend(%) 2012-2016 Jan-Dec Change(%) 2017/2016
2016 2017
TOTAL TRADE 2.603.192,0 2.849.818,5 2.615.219,2 2.331.596,3 2.115.477,3 -5,97 2.115.477,3 2.375.691,2 12,30
OIL & GAS 492,5 771,4 895,1 689,9 633,8 4,01 633,8 772,1 21,81
NON OIL & GAS 2.602.699,5 2.849.047,1 2.614.324,1 2.330.906,3 2.114.843,4 -5,97 2.114.843,4 2.374.919,1 12,30
EXPORT 792.445,9 782.347,3 755.021,3 722.344,7 732.447,3 -2,34 732.447,3 822.062,6 12,24
OIL & GAS 0,0 0,0 0,4 0,0 121,4 0,00 121,4 100,0 -17,58
NON OIL & GAS 792.445,9 782.347,3 755.020,9 722.344,7 732.326,0 -2,35 732.326,0 821.962,6 12,24
IMPORT 1.810.746,0 2.067.471,2 1.860.197,9 1.609.251,6 1.383.029,9 -7,59 1.383.029,9 1.553.628,6 12,34
OIL & GAS 492,5 771,4 894,7 689,9 512,5 -0,32 512,5 672,1 31,14
NON OIL & GAS 1.810.253,5 2.066.699,8 1.859.303,2 1.608.561,7 1.382.517,4 -7,59 1.382.517,4 1.552.956,5 12,33
BALANCE OF TRADE -1.018.300,1 -1.285.123,9 -1.105.176,6 -886.906,9 -650.582,6 -11,90 -650.582,6 -731.566,0 -12,45
OIL & GAS -492,5 -771,4 -894,3 -689,9 -391,1 -5,57 -391,1 -572,0 -46,26
NON OIL & GAS -1.017.807,6 -1.284.352,5 -1.104.282,3 -886.217,0 -650.191,5 -11,90 -650.191,5 -730.994,0 -12,43
Source:A�BPS, Processed by Trade Data and Information Center, Ministry of Trade


Indonesiaa’s main export products to Canada in general are rubber and articles thereof; electrical or electronic machinery and equipment; woven clothing and articles of apparel; footwear; cocoa and cocoa preparations; coffee, tea, mate and spices, etc.

Indonesiaa’s imports from Canada in general include cereal; pulp of wood and the like, waste and scrap of paper of paperboard; fertilizers; aircrafts and space crafts; ores, slag and ash; nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances, etc.

Education, Socio-Culture and Tourism

Education


The Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia continues to facilitate cooperation in higher education between Canada and Indonesia. Several education collaboration programs have been undertaken, such as programs between McGill University and the Ministry of Social Services of the Republic of Indonesia (signed in 2014), University of Ottawa and the Ministry of Religious AffairsA� of the Republic of Indonesia (signed in 2015), McGill University and the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (signed in 2015), and Carleton University and the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (signed in 2016).


Every year, Indonesia offers Darmasiswa scholarship program to students across Canada, a one-year study program organized by Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture which focuses on socio-cultural and language education since 1987. Currently, the total number of Darmasiswa alumni from Canada is 78 students. In addition to Darmasiswa, Indonesia also offers the Indonesian Arts and Culture Scholarship (IACS), a three-month program of training and education on Indonesian arts and culture.

Socio-Cultural


The Indonesian Embassy actively participates in various cultural events particularly in National Capital Region and Quebec. The Embassy also continuously supports Indonesian communities across Canada as well as Friends of Indonesia in theirs efforts to promote Indonesiaa’s culture through various events and community festivals. Since 2015, the Indonesian Embassy has been holding the Embassy Day, a regular event in which the embassy open its door to Canadian public to promote Indonesian arts, cultures, language, and tourism.

Tourism


Indonesian tourism has been increasingly attractive for Canadian tourists. Over the last five years, the number of Canadian tourists visiting Indonesia has been consistently increasing 10% each year in average, from 58.245 visits (2012), 65.358 (2013), 68.432 (2014), 74.212 (2015), and 86.804 (2016). The Embassy of Indonesia continously promotes Indonesian tourism through many promotion channels, ranging from participation in Tourism Shows (Ottawa Travel and Vacation Show and International Tourism and Travel Show), as well as joint promotions with Indonesian communities and Friends of Indonesia across Canada.