Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia
Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia
Ambassade de la RÉpublique d'Indonésie

Multilateral Relations

Indonesia and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)



  1. The Convention on International Civil Aviation signed on 7 December 1944 at Chicago (Chicago Convention) is the fundamental legal instrument governing rights and obligations of States with respect to international civil aviation. The Convention also sets out the charter of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
  1. ICAO came into being on 4 April 1947 upon the entry into force of the Chicago Convention. It is a United Nations’ Specialized Agency for international civil aviation that works closely with 192-member states and industry groups to reach consensus on international civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies in support of a safe, efficient, secure, economically sustainable and environmentally responsible civil aviation sector.
  1. In its ongoing mission to support and enable a global air transport network that meets or surpasses the social and economic development and broader connectivity needs of global businesses and passengers, and acknowledging the clear need to anticipate and manage the projected doubling of global air transport capacity by 2030, ICAO has established five comprehensive Strategic Objectives, namely, (i) Enhance global civil aviation safety; (ii) Increase air navigation capacity and efficiency; (iii) Enhance global civil aviation security and facilitation; (iv) Foster the development of a sound and economically-viable civil aviation system; and (v) Minimize the adverse environmental effects of civil aviation activities.
  1. In addition to its core work in adopting SARPs, ICAO also coordinates assistance and capacity building for States in support of numerous aviation development activities; produces global plans to coordinate multilateral strategic progress for safety and air navigation; monitors and reports on numerous air transport sector performance metrics; and audit States’ civil aviation oversight capabilities in the areas of safety and security. For more information on ICAO, visit ICAO’s official website.


  1. Indonesia is the fourth largest country by population in the world with more than 263 million people. It is also known as the emerging market and developing economies with a solid economic growth of 5 percent per-year. Indonesia is also the 15th largest economy by nominal GDP (IMF) and a member of the G-20 group. In Southeast Asia, Indonesia is the largest economy with the total GDP of US$1.2 trillion (IMF).
  1. Indonesia’s strategic geographical location in the equator between two oceans, Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean, and two continents, Asia and Australia, as well as its distinct geographical feature as the largest archipelago in the world with more than 17.000 islands spanning over 5.500 km from east to west and 2.430 km from north to south, covering one-eighth of the earth’s equator, makes air transport important for connectivity.
  1. Air transport significantly contributes toward Indonesia’s sustainable development. It helps businesses, opens opportunity for labor, and one of the main enablers for tourism and trade. Statistics shows an upward trend that positively impacted Indonesia’s economic and social development and integration. Air transport in Indonesia shows robust growth above 10% every year with its 417 domestic air routes that connects 134 cities across Indonesia and 154 international routes connecting 42 cities around the globe, with a total of 6,185 flights per-day. Today, there are about 1,656 registered and certified aircrafts in operation in Indonesia.
  1. Indonesia has 236 aerodromes across its territory, one of the largest in numbers in Asia Pacific, which 29 of them are international airports. In the period of 2015-2018, Indonesia establishes 10 new aerodromes which now have been in operation.
  1. On the management of air navigation, Indonesia has two Flight Information Region (FIR), namely Jakarta FIR in the west and Ujung Pandang FIR in the east that covers 5,19 million km2 of airspace that provide services for 2,25 million of air traffic per year within its airspace.


  1. Indonesia is the 57th member State to join ICAO in 27 April 1950 and for the first time elected as the member of the ICAO Council (Part III) in 1962 on the convening of the 14th Session of ICAO Assembly in Rome. Indonesia was serving as the member of ICAO Council (Part III) for 36 years in 12 triennium period.
  1. Indonesia achieved a lot of significant improvement in the field of civil aviation in the period of 2016-2018, among others:
  • FAA Category 1: On 15 August 2016, US Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) decides to put Indonesia on Category 1 rating after significant improvement shown by the Government on IASA Safety Audit.
  • ICAO Safety Audit: Indonesia reached the effective implementation score of 80.34% for ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Program-Continuous Monitoring Approach (USOAP-CMA). Based on this significant achievement the President of ICAO Council awarded Indonesia the Council President Certificate on 17 May 2018.
  • EU Air Safety List: On 14 June 2018, European Commission updated the EU Air Safety List, the list of airlines that do not meet international safety standards and decides to clear all airlines certified in Indonesia from the list. Therefore, Indonesian airlines have a wide opportunity to continue providing air transportation from Indonesia to all EU member states.
  • Garuda Maintains Skytrax 5 Star Airline: On 8th February 2018, Indonesia’s national flag-carrier, Garuda Indonesia successfully maintains its 5-Star rating from Skytrax, the international air transport rating organization based in London. This acknowledgement was first obtained by Garuda Indonesia in 2014.
  1. On civil aviation environmental issues, Indonesia is elected to be one out of 24 members of ICAO Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) in 2016. Through CAEP, Indonesia actively participate in formulating the ICAO Standard and Recommended Practices on the implementation of Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), a measure taken by ICAO to reduce carbon emissions generated from international civil aviation activities. Indonesia also one of the first ICAO member states who voluntarily declare to implement CORSIA since its pilot phase on 2021.

State Profile – Indonesia