Indonesia and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations to promote the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout the world. It sets standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity, as well as for aviation environmental protection. The Organization serves as the forum for cooperation in all fields of civil aviation among its 191 Member States.
For more information on ICAO, visit ICAO’s official website.
The Republic of Indonesia has been a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization since 1950 and became a member of the ICAO Council Part III in 1962, but did not stand for election during the Council election period from 1965-1968. Indonesia again became a member of the ICAO Council in 10 consecutive election periods from 1968 – 1998.
Indonesia did not win membership in the Council during the council election period of 2001, 2004 and 2007. During the Council election period from 2010-2013 Indonesia decided not to stand for election as the country was deeply engaged in the process of reforming the civil aviation and organizational regulations.
On July 7, 2012, the Government of Indonesia has officially announced and submitted its intention to stand for Council election during the period of 2013-2016 and sought the support of ICAO member states through their representatives in Indonesia as well as through Indonesian representatives abroad.
Indonesia’s interest in ICAO Council membership
Indonesia is a huge archipelago that relies immensely on air transport. The Government has issued permits for 247 domestic air routes through its vast air space to connect 125 cities in Indonesia, and 57 international air routes to connect 25 cities in 13 countries. Indonesia has 233 airports including 29 international airports.
Air transport is an essential form of transportation in Indonesia. The growth rate of air passengers is significant, averaging 15% between 2008–2011. In 2011, there were air 114 million passengers and it’s estimated to reach 130 million by the end of 2012.
In light of these facts, it’s expected Indonesia has an enormous interest in the field of civil aviation. It looks ahead to giving contribution to the formulation of civil aviation policies by ICAO, specifically ICAO Council in areas such as flight navigation, flight security, airport management, navigation connecting and environmentally friendly airports.
The reopening of the Indonesian Representation Office to ICAO in Montreal, Canada, on February 2, 2012 signals Indonesia’s serious commitment to play an important role at the ICAO Council.
President of ICAO Council, Roberto Kobeh Gonzales, has stated his support for Indonesia’s intention to become a member of the Council in consideration of Indonesia’s ever increasing performance in the area of aviation safety.