Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia
Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia
Ambassade de la RÉpublique d'Indonésie

Multilateral Relations

Indonesia and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)


  1. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) came into being on 4 April 1947 upon the entry into force of the Convention on International Civil Aviation which was adopted and signed on the final day of the International Civil Aviation Conference held in Chicago, Illinois, from 1 November to 7 December 1944 (also known as Chicago Convention 1944).
  2. ICAO is a United Nations’ specialized agency that works with the Chicago Convention’s 191 Member States and industry groups to reach consensus on international civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies in support of a safe, efficient, secure, economically sustainable and environmentally responsible civil aviation sector.
  3. In addition to its core work in adopting SARPs, ICAO also coordinates assistance and capacity building for States in support of numerous aviation development activities; produces global plans to coordinate multilateral strategic progress for safety and air navigation; monitors and reports on numerous air transport sector performance metrics; and audit States’ civil aviation oversight capabilities in the areas of safety and security. For more information on ICAO, visit ICAO’s official website.


  1. Indonesia is the world’s 15th largest economy by nominal GDP (IMF) and a member of the G-20 Group; it is the largest economy in South-East Asia, with a total GDP of US$ 1.2 trillion (IMF) and a growth rate of approximately five per cent per year.
  2. Indonesia has the world’s fourth largest population, after China, India and the United States, with more than 250 million people.
  3. As an archipelagic country with more than 17,000 islands and airspace spanning over 5,500 km from east to west and 2,430 km from north to south, covering one-eighth of the earth’s equator, Indonesia’s economy depends increasingly on air transport.


  1. Indonesia air transport services are connecting 125 cities in Indonesia and 51 cities overseas in 27 foreign countries and are aimed at providing connectivity and supporting the growth of the economic, trade and tourism sectors.
  2. Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (SHIA) in Jakarta is the 18th busiest airport in the world according to Airports Council International, and the 7th busiest in Asia, with 54 million passengers in 2015.
  3. Airports Council International (ACI) on 6 March 2017 announces winners of the 2016 Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Awards, whereas I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport in Bali was awarded World’s Third-Best Airport 2016 among airports serving 15 to 25 million passengers per-year, and Sultan Hasanuddin Airport in Makassar was awarded the Most Improved Airport in Asia-Pacific 2016.
  4. Indonesia’s main international carrier, Garuda Indonesia presently operates 190 aircraft to serve international and domestic routes. Recognizing its enhanced performance at the international level, Garuda Indonesia has recently won a number of important international awards, including “World’s Most Improved Airline” (2010) “World’s Best Regional Airline”(2012), “World’s Best Economy Class” and “World’s Best Economy Class Seats” (Skytrax, 2013). In 2015, it was ranked as one of “The World’s Top 10 Airlines” by Skytrax. In 2016 Garuda received again the “World’s Best Cabin Crew” award and also became a “Five Star Airline” (Skytrax) . Since March 2014, Garuda Indonesia has been part of the global “SkyTeam” Alliance, with 20 member airlines offering a worldwide network serving 1,052 destinations in 177 countries.
  5. A number of Indonesian privately owned carriers are expanding rapidly. To cater for such growth, the largest privately owned carrier, PT Lion Mentari Airlines (Lion Air), in 2011 placed a $22.4 billion order for 230 Boeing aircraft and in 2013 ordered 234 planes worth
  6. Some Indonesia air transport figures are as follows:
    • Indonesia has recorded strong growth in passenger traffic since 2015 with an average of 10.49 percent growth in the last 5 years;
    • There are 20 scheduled and 43 non-scheduled commercial airlines certificated by Indonesia, serving 56 international and 277 domestic routes;
    • 30 international and 237 domestic airports;
    • A total fleet of 1621 commercial Indonesia-registered aircraft;
    • A total of more than 86.2 million passengers in 2015.
  7. Further information on Indonesian civil aviation latest features and figures may be accessed at the website of Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Ministry of Transportation, here.


  1. The Republic of Indonesia has been a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization since May 1950 and for the first time being elected as the member of the ICAO Council (Part III) in 1962 for the period of 1962-1965. However, Indonesia did not stand for election during the Council election in 1965 for the membership period of 1965-1968.
  2. Indonesia again elected as the member of the ICAO Council (Part III) on 1968 election for the period of 1968-1971. Since then, Indonesia secured her membership at the Council for another 30 years by winning 10 consecutive elections periods until year 2001. However, Indonesia was not re-elected in the 2001 Council Election for the period of 2001-2004.
  3. Indonesia did not win membership in the Council during the council election period of 2001, 2004 and 2007.  During the Council election period from 2010-2013 Indonesia decided not to stand for election as the country was deeply engaged in the process of reforming the civil aviation and organizational regulations.
  4. Though it stands for election in 2013 and 2016, however Indonesia did not win the membership in the Council for the period of 2013-2016 and 2016-2019.
  5. State Profile – Indonesia